Furthermore, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is not seen more commonly in any one socioeconomic level, with women at every level having given birth to children with the syndrome SAMHSA, There are more than 6 million pregnancies in the United States every year, and about 9 out of 10 pregnant women take medication.
Babies born prematurely are at risk for lifelong disabilities like cerebral palsy Prenatal substance abuse essay or learning problems. However, 1 study of unspecified amphetamine use during pregnancy suggests a possible association with externalizing behaviors and peer problems.
Animal studies have shown that moderate concentrations of THC, when administered to mothers while pregnant or nursing, could have long-lasting effects on the child, including increasing stress responsivity and abnormal patterns of social interactions.
An independent effect of prenatal cocaine exposure on intrauterine growth has been the most consistent finding across studies of prenatally exposed infants. Treatment should educate the women about the disease of addiction, the risks they are taking by abusing substances during pregnancy, and should also provide parenting skills training so that the mother is more able to provide a healthy living environment.
Even low doses of cocaine used prenatally proved to cause a significant problem with the ability to endure distractions.
Additionally, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is the leading cause of babies born with mental retardation other than hereditary causes. Postnatal cocaine abuse is also very dangerous because of the negative and ineffective parenting that can take place because of the mother being under the constant influence of the drug.
Although several studies document Prenatal substance abuse essay negative effects of prenatal cocaine Prenatal substance abuse essay on postnatal growth, — others do not. If a local community service board is not able to provide these services within 48 hours, they are required to provide interim services and reach out to their state regulatory agency for assistance.
More research is needed. Also, a study reporting specifically on methamphetamine use during pregnancy found that heavy methamphetamine use was associated with lower arousal, more lethargy, and increased physiological stress Smith et al,pp.
Others, such as some anti-anxiety and antidepressant medications, have unknown effects, so mothers who are using these medications should consult with their doctor before breastfeeding. Thus, functions such as arousal, attention, and memory may be adversely affected by prenatal cocaine exposure.
Conclusion Alcohol use, Smoking and illegal drug use continue to be a problem causing low birth weight and birth defects these babies the ones who make it through that is are forced to live with these problem because of the choices of the mother.
The cocaine-exposed animals were more easily distracted than the healthy animals, and they also learned slower Gendle, Women who drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes or use drugs should really consider stopping if they become pregnant because of the possibility of long term damage these things can cause the baby.
Even though alcohol and nicotine are legal substances, they have been proven very harmful to newborns who are exposed to them prenatally, even in very small doses. When a pregnant woman uses drugs, she and her unborn child face serious health problems. Studies available for prenatal nicotine exposure suggest an increased risk of early experimentation and abuse of nicotine in exposed offspring.
Methadone has been proven to prevent erratic maternal opioid levels, protect the fetus from repeated episodes of withdrawal, improve maternal health and nutrition, and improves the growth of the fetus.
Marijuana has an affinity for lipids and accumulates in human milk, as can cocaine 26 and amphetamines. Summary Although methodologic differences between studies and limited data in the extant literature make generalization of the results for several of the drugs difficult, some summary statements can be made by using the current knowledge base Table 2.
Several available reviews provide more detailed information with regard to breastfeeding and substance abuse. Most of these women had at least one parent who abused alcohol or drugs Williams, What we can conclude is that the research seems to show that with treatment and proper medical care, the newborns have a fair chance at a healthy life.
Mothers who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to experience a high risk pregnancy which is when your chances of having a miscarriage are severely high.
Some forms of treatment have been proven effective in lowering the risks of these adverse pregnancy outcomes; however, many factors influence treatment effectiveness. For her own health and the health of the child, a woman should avoid all of them as much as possible from the time she first plans to become pregnant or learns that she is pregnant.
Some treatment facilities currently have limitations that would not allow for the immediate treatment of an individual; it would be beneficial if they could eliminate these limitations so that they are better able to serve a population that is in great need.
Unfortunately, this sacred period of time is not immune to tragedy, mistakes, and heartache, especially when addiction or even casual substance use is involved. The most serious effects on the baby can be HIV infection, prematurity, low birth weight, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, small head size, stunted growth, poor motor skills, and behavior problems.
All illegal drugs, such as heroin and cocaine, pose dangers to a pregnant woman. However, the literature available is limited at this time.
For example, federal regulations over opiate treatment programs such as methadone maintenance clinics state that the facilities must maintain current policies and procedures that reflect the special needs of pregnant women. This will allow her doctor to weigh the risks and benefits of a medication during pregnancy.
New England Journal of Medicine, volumenumber 7, August 17, pages Nicotine is secreted into human milkand has been associated with decreased milk production, decreased weight gain of the infant, and exposure of the infant to environmental tobacco smoke. However, use of meconium to determine the timing or extent of exposure during pregnancy is controversial 18 because of a lack of studies regarding the effects of the timing and quantity of the postpartum specimen collection as well as the effects of urine or transitional stool contamination of the meconium samples.
Additionally, pregnant women must be given a referral to their local Community Service Board after giving birth if they were using substances during their pregnancy Kurgans, The risk for placental abruption is also higher among drug abusers, meaning that they are more likely to have a portion of placenta pull away from its original attachment to the uterine wall.Substance Use While Pregnant and Breastfeeding Research shows that use of tobacco, alcohol, or illicit drugs or misuse of prescription drugs by pregnant women can have severe health consequences for infants.
Of the three most popular forms of substance abuse, alcohol consumption is the leading cause of birth defects in the United States. Studies taken by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) have proven that over eighteen percent of. Substance Abuse in America Essay.
rising substance abuse epidemic has brought about a renewed interested in determining the root cause of substance abuse, the effects of substance abuse on individuals and societies, and the substance abuse treatment modalities that achieve the best outcomes. The Dangers of Drug Abuse During Pregnancy: Prenatal Developmental Issues That Begin with Substance Abuse Pregnancy is a beautiful experience that will be the beginning of the shaping and development of an individual, the preparation period for bringing a new being into the world.
Prenatal drug abuse is a very tragic, yet preventable issue in our society.
For a pregnant woman, drug abuse is doubly dangerous. Drugs may harm her own health, interfering with her ability to support the pregnancy/5(1).
Prenatal Effects Photo by ©Shutterstock/ Yana Godenko Studies show that various drugs may result in miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight, and a variety of behavioral and cognitive problems in the child.Download